Significant Facts for Ileostomy Care and Stoma Health

Stoma and its skin need your help and care. After getting an ileostomy stoma, you embrace something new in the belly. Like your overall health, the pit also requests you to care about it. Therefore, as a stoma person, grab all the necessary information and knowledge regarding the protection of ileostomy and stoma. As an ostomy patient, you must care for peristomal skin, opening, a new way of excretion, and its impact on life.

The ostomy surgery creates an opening in the abdomen to discharge the stool. It happens as the result of any disease, injury, or cancer in the ileum. It changes the path of excretion in the human body. The solid waste of the body comes out through the stoma (an opening in the belly). It collects in a bag that attaches to the opening. A person cannot excrete the feces from the anus after the ostomy surgery. Moreover, an ostomate has to empty, change, and clean the ostomy pouch and skin around the stoma. It all needs your hands and care for a healthy ostomy life.

A Few Facts about the Stoma

These are some facts about your stoma, you should know about them:

  • A stoma is a new opening on the abdomen.
  • It is the lining of the intestine.
  • It connects a part of the ileum to the abdomen.
  • The only purpose of the stoma is to collect the waste of the body.
  • It is usually red, dark pink, and shiny.
  • The stoma is a soft hole.
  • It is round or oval opening.
  • The stoma can bleed while cleaning or if you have skin sensitivity.
  • It can have mucus.
  • The peristomal skin should be clean, dry, and allergy-free.

To get rid of skin damage and for the healthy stoma, the skin around it, must be washed and parched, your pouching system should not leak, and the stoma should not bleed or change color.

How to Take Care of Stoma and Skin Around the Stoma?

After an ileostomy surgery, you will witness a few changes in your body. There will a new opening in your abdomen, and you will not be able to discharge stool through the anus. Well, these are two significant alterations in your body after an ostomy operation. This opening could be temporary and permanent. A temporary ileostomy is reversible, you could discharge the feces through the anus after the closing of the stoma. However, for permanent ostomates, there will be a hole in the belly for the rest of life. Care of the stoma and skin is necessary for both ostomates. For a happy and healthy ostomy life, the excretion hole and its surroundings should be fit and fine.

Right after the surgery, there will be swelling in the stoma, but with time, it will shrink and get flat. You will be the person who will have to care for the cuticles and hollow new organs.

Stoma Care:

  • You should always wear a correct sized ostomy pouching system.
  • Your ostomy pouch should not leak.
  • You should empty the pouch when you feel leakage or it gets half-full.
  • If you have diarrhea, then you should change the pouching system at least four times a day.
  • Your stoma should not bleed.
  • The pouch should not be too tight or too loose.
  • Your stoma should not get swell after weeks or months of the surgery.
  • You should wear an appropriate pouching system which is suitable for your skin.
  • You should wash and clean your stoma regularly.
  • Do not use cosmetic products for the stoma.

Skin Care:

  • The skin around the stoma should be clean.
  • The peristomal skin should be dry all the time.
  • The waste of the body should not touch the peristomal skin.
  • It should be odor-free.
  • Use luke-warm water to clean the peristomal skin.
  • Do not use perfume or cosmetic soap for the skin around the stoma. 
  • Use medicated soaps, wipes, and sanitizers for cleaning and washing.